Why An Autograft May Your Best Bone Graft Option

If you have a missing tooth and want to retain optimal dental function, then your tooth will need to be replaced. Dental implants are a good replacement option that you should consider by visiting sites like http://premierdentalgrp.com/, but if you do not have a strong and dense jaw, then your dentist may advise for one or several procedures before the device is secured. This includes bone grafting. Bone grafts can be artificial ones or materials can be taken from a donor cadaver. Material can also be taken from your own body and this is called an autograft. Keep reading to learn why an autograph may be advisable.

No Disease Transfer Risks

If your dentist feels that natural bone material is best for your situation, then you may be informed that donor bone can be used. However, in this situation, bone is taken from a tissue bank where a large amount of bone is stored and prepared for grafting. During the storing process, the tissue is prepared to remove any sort of disease or illness left behind by the donor.

Preparation will kill microorganisms that include bacteria, viruses, and fungi. However, there is a small chance that a disease or a microorganism can transfer to the individual receiving the bone.

Even if microorganisms are properly killed and the bone goes through the appropriate preparation, the material will only be a framework of the bone. Basically, all of the living cells will be dead and only the calcium structure will be left behind. Since the graft is lacking living cells, your own body will have to do all the work when it comes to adhering or fusing the bone to the jaw. This is not the case if your own bone is used, and your bone will not have fusion issues either since it will have living cells.

Fewer Rejection Risks

When it comes to cadaver bone, your body should see the material as natural material. In other words, the bone should be accepted as a part of your body. However, if you have an overactive autoimmune system, then the cadaver bone may be identified as a foreign material. The immune system will attach the bone and reject it. While this situation is rare, it can happen and greatly complicate the overall implant procedure.

When your own bone is used, your body will identify the protein markers attached to the tissue. The bone is seen as a part of the body, because it basically is, it is simply moved from spot to another. There is no chance of rejection in this case. 

You should know that bovine tissue and even synthetic tissues can be rejected as well, so it may be wise to choose your own bone from the start to minimize rejection issues.